1873 Bulkhead Shoal, Delaware River.An appropriation of $50,000 was made at the last session of Congress for commencing a lighthouse at this shoal. A survey of the site is now in progress.
1874 Bulkhead Shoal light station.An appropriation of $25,000 was made at the last session of Congress for range-lights to guide past Bulk head Shoal, and the previous appropriation of $50,000 for a light on Bulkhead Shoal made available for the same purpose. A survey has been made, and the location of the range-lights fixed. The necessary steps to secure title to the site and cession of jurisdiction have been taken.
1875 Bulkhead Shoal ranges, Delaware Bay.At the date of the last annual report a survey had been made, and the location of the range lights fixed; the necessary steps to secure title and cession of jurisdiction had been commenced. It was found, however, impossible to purchase the sites selected for these ranges at reasonable rates. Proceedings were therefore commenced in the superior court of Newcastle County, Delaware, to have the land condemned under the State laws, but the awards of the jury, in the several cases, were considered by the board as exorbitant, being largely in excess of the prices at which they had previously been offered by their owners, and were rejected, and orders were given to examine into the practicability of locating the lights at other points. It was ascertained that one of the ranges could be placed on the New Jersey shore, and negotiations were commenced for the purchase of sites. The ranges will now be located, one on the Delaware side, and the other on the New Jersey side of the river. Plans have been prepared, and as soon as the titles to the sites are secured, and cession of jurisdiction obtained, work will be prosecuted without delay. An appropriation of $8,000 for a light-house on or near the south end of Pea Patch Island was made by act approved March 3,1873. The building of the Bulkhead ranges will render this light unnecessary. It is therefore suggested that the appropriation for Pea Patch Island be made available for expenditure on the Bulkhead ranges if necessary.
1876 Bulkhead Ranges, Deep- Water Point, New Jersey, and New Castle, Delaware.Owing to the difficulty of obtaining sites for these ranges, and the exorbitant value placed upon the land required, the construction has been greatly delayed. The sites have now been purchased, the titles approved by the Attorney-General, and all the structures are in progress. It is hoped they will be completed before the close of the season.
1877 Bulkhead Ranges, Deepwater Point, New Jersey, and New Castle, Delaware.These ranges were lighted on the night of November 15, 1876. They mark the channel of the Delaware, where it passes Bulkhead Shoal, and it makes what has heretofore been one of the most difficult parts of the river easy of navigation. Both the lights of the Deepwater Point group are on an extensive area of reclaimed marsh, and are liable to overflow should any breach occur in the long bank, built at private expense, by which it is protected. Both sites should be protected by interior banks to keep them from overflow, should such a breach occur. The unexpended balance of the appropriation it is thought will be sufficient for this purpose, and it is proposed to have the banks built during the present season.
1878 Deepwater Point range-beacon (front), near New Castle, Delaware. A fence has been put up to inclose this site. The canal bank along the site on the front has been repaired and faced with stone, 1,315 tons of which have been deposited along the bank to prevent further wash. An earth bank has been put up along the rear line of the site, with the necessary bridges and sluices, and a boat-house built.
1878 Deepwater Point range-beacon (rear), near New Castle, Delaware. An earth embankment, with the necessary sluices, ditches, and bridges, has been put up, inclosing the buildings and part of the site, and a small storehouse for fuel, &c, erected, and a small stove and fixtures placed in the watch-room.
1879 Deep Water Point Range-beacon (front), near New Castle, Delaware. The front of the roof was painted red to make it a more conspicuous day-mark. Some repairs were made to the building. The river bank in front of the station was protected with stone.
1880 Deep Water Point Range-beacon (rear), Delaware River, New Jersey.Slight repairs were made to the iron lantern door.
1882 Deep-Wat?? Point Range-beacon (front), Delaware River, New Jersey.A wooden screen painted white, with open spaces so as to show horizontal stripes, was placed over the top of the lantern, to make the structure more conspicuous and to make it more efficient as a day-mark. Extensive repairs should be made for protecting the bank along the canal. This is made necessary by the abrasion which is going on quite rapidly. Sheet piling, cut off at the level of low water, is the cheapest and best protection that can be made. The bank at the rear of the station should be repaired.
1883 Deep-Water Point Range-Beacon, (front,) Delaware River, New Jersey.The boundaries of the site were marked with stone monuments; the outside of the lantern was painted red, to make the structure more conspicuous as a day-mark; some 275 cubic yards of banking-stone were placed for the protection of the site; a railway for hauling the sail-boat into the boat-house was built, and various minor repairs were made.
1883 Deep-Water Point Range-Beacon, (rear,) Delaware River, New Jersey.The boundaries of the site were marked with stone monuments. The iron tower was painted with coal-tar outside, and various minor repairs were made.
1885 -286. Deep Water Point range beacon (front), on the east side of Delaware River, New Jersey.A 4-inch iron pipe was driven 50 feet, a pump was attached and a good supply of water was obtained. The banks, which were too low and narrow and without proper footing, were raised and strengthened, and were provided with new sluices and put in good order throughout.
1888 Deep-Water Point range-beacon (front), Delaware River, below Deep- Water Point, New Jersey.The river banks and their protecting jetties were repaired and strengthened, new plank walks were laid to the oil-house, and a new platform was built around the pump.
1891 Deep Water Point Range (rear), below Deep-Water Point, Delaware River, New Jersey.The frame barn was rebuilt and various repairs were made.
1894 Deep- Water Point range, rear, below Deep-Water Point, Delaware River, New Jersey.The banks were rebuilt and various repairs were made.
1895 Deep Water Point range (front), Delaware River, New Jersey. The characteristic of this light was changed at the end of October, 1894, from fixed white to fixed white during periods of 2 seconds, separated by eclipses of 1 second's duration. A survey was made of the right of way to the station, and it was found that it had become impassable and useless.
1896 Deep Water Point Range (front), Delaware River, New Jersey. The old riprap protection of the south bank was replaced by a dry rubble sea wall. About 600 feet of the boundary fence was rebuilt. The small boathouse and its ways were repaired.
1896 Deep Water Point Range (rear), Delaware River, New Jersey. The entrance road was surfaced with oyster shells, the barn was raised, and its approaches were put in order.
1897 Deep Water Point Range (front), Delaware River, New Jersey. The dwelling, including its small tower, was thoroughly repaired. A kitchen addition was built. The old shed was utilized as a temporary barn. A tank, and a drive well, force pump, and hose were added. Brick walks were relaid and extended. A temporary right of way to the main road was secured until a permanent right of way can be obtained.
1898 Deep Water Point Range (front), Delaware River, New Jersey. About 200 cubic yards of stone was purchased and the sea wall was extended about 110 feet along the canal side of the reservation. Minor repairs were made.
1899 Deep Water Point range (front), Delaware River, New Jersey. Some 110 running feet of stone sea wall were constructed. Designs and specifications were prepared and the barn rebuilt. Contract was made for grading and shelling the road, and the work practically completed. Various repairs were made.
1899 Deep Water Point range (rear), Delaware River, New Jersey. Designs and specifications were prepared, a contract made, and the work of erecting a kitchen addition and making repairs to the dwelling begun. A topographical survey of the station was made. Various repairs were made.
1900 Deep Water Point range (front), Delaware River, New Jersey.The picket fence around the light-house was completed, and another, about 150 feet long, was built to inclose a yard in the rear of the barn. Various minor repairs were made.
1900 Deep Water Point range (rear), Delaware River, New Jersey The kitchen addition to the dwelling was completed, a side veranda with a walk extending to the tower was built. Various repairs were made.
1901 Deep Water Point range (front), Delaware River; New Jersey. The front of the lantern was painted a solid black, the remainder of the front of the light-house a solid white, and the barn, boathouse, and oil house a light brown. A new lease was made for the right of way leading to the station. Minor repairs were made.
1901 Deep Water Point range (rear), Delaware River, New Jersey. The station was repainted black, and two slatted frames added, one on each side, just underneath the lantern. The plotting of the station map was completed. Minor repairs were made.
1902 Deep Water Point Rear. Delaware River, New Jersey.Brick walks were laid from the entrance of the dwelling to the drive and oil house. Part of the shell road was rebuilt and a revetment for its protection was made at the entrance to the site, where it was being washed away. A fence was built along the east side of the barn. Some ornamental plants were furnished. Various repairs were made.
1905 Deep Water Point, front, Delaware River, New Jersey.The boat landing was rebuilt, and minor repairs were made.
1909 Isolated fireproof oil houses were constructed under the appropriation Oil houses for light-stations at the following-named stations: Deep Water Point range front, N. J., Deep Water Point range rear, N. J.
1913 William Spear, keeper, Launch Avon driven ashore and disabled. Towed her to Wilmington, Del. Party on board consisted of 2 men, 2 children, and woman with baby.
1913 William Spear, keeper front light, towed disabled motor boat Monacy, of Chester, PA,to port; 5 men aboard; repaired engine for them..
1913 William Spear, keeper front light, Towed disabled motor boat Jennie of Bristol, PA to port; 2 men and 2 women aboard; examined engine and located trouble for them.
1914 Keeper William Spear awarded efficiency pennant for 1914.
1914 - W. Spear, keeper, recovered body of boy drowned near station. Happened on June 26.
1916 M.A. Duffield, keeper Deepwater Point Range Rear, gave shelter, quilts, and blankets to employees of Du Pont Powder Works, burned in an explosion.
1916 W. Spear, keeper, Deepwater Point Range Front, transported boy with fractured arm to hospital at Wilmington, Del., for treatment.
1916 W. Spear, keeper, Deepwater Point Range Front, towed disabled motor launch Montie, of Camden, N.J., in heavy squall, containing 4 persons, into Salem Channel.
1930 William Spear, keeper, Deepwater Point Range Front Light Station, N. J., rescued 3 men, 1 boy, 2 women , and 2 small children form the disabled motor boat America, on May 31. The motor boat went aground at the mouth of the Salem Canal, but was gotten off and towed into the canal by the keeper.
1952 Deepwater Range Lights discontinued after Delaware River Memorial Bridge was finished. Replacement range lights were built in the river, south of the bridge.
1956 Deepwater Range Lights destroyed.