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Bear River, NS  Lighthouse accessible by car and a short, easy walk.   

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Bear River Lighthouse

Bear River Lighthouse in 1935
Photograph courtesy Kelly Anne Loughery – Canadian Coast Guard
The 1905 Annual Report of the Department of Marine and Fisheries contains the following information on the construction of Bear River Lighthouse, which marked the entrance to Bear River from the Annapolis Basin.
A lighthouse was erected on Winchester Point, western side of entrance to Bear River, south side of Annapolis Basin, and was put into operation on May 1, 1905.

The building stands on ground 45 feet above high-water mark and 100 feet back from the water's edge. It is a wooden tower square in plan, with sloping sides, surmounted by a square wooden lantern, the whole painted white. It is 32 feet high from its base to the ventilator on the lantern.

The light is a fixed red dioptric light, of the seventh order, elevated 72 feet above high-water mark, and visible 9 miles from all points of approach by water.

This work was done by contract by John Roney, of Granville Ferry N.S., the contract price being $494.

William Hunt was appointed the first keeper of the Bear River Lighthouse on April 10, 1905 at an annual salary of $150. William Hunt kept the light until 1913, and then H.B. Warren was appointed keeper.

When built, the lighthouse was situated in an open area, but it is now surrounded by dense woods. A great view of the light can be had for those traveling west on Highway 101. As you approach a bridge and an abandoned railroad trestle, the light sits on the right, high above the Bear River.

Bear River Lighthouse was automated in 1873 and decommissioned as a navigational aid in 2001.

On December 14, 2009, the Digby Town Council voted in favor of acquiring Bear River Lighthouse, while having the Bear River Lighthouse Society, formed in 2002, continue to care for the structure. Ownership of the lighthouse could have been handed over to the municipality from Transportation Canada as early as spring 2010, but the transfer was delayed many years.

“I can’t understand it,” says Dorothy Gray of the Bear River Lighthouse Preservation Society in 2016. “Last December we just needed a signature and now here it is August and we’re still waiting.” The society had volunteers lined up to improve the access road to the site and clear the view to the Annapolis Basin. “Everyone was gung-ho to get to work but it is kind of hard to do fundraising or call volunteers together until you really do have ownership,” she said. “I don’t see what is so important or complicated about this tiny little quarter of an acre.”

Bear River Lighthouse was designated a heritage lighthouse in 2015 for its support of the development of the scallop fishing and lumber industries, two significant economic drivers for the nearby town of Digby.

Finally, in 2021, the Municipality of Digby took ownership of the lighthouse, and Smith's Cove Historical Society developed plans to restore the tower and create a park that, after the removal of trees, will have a view of Annapolis Basin. A contractor started restoring the tower in August 2022.

Keepers: William Hunt (1905 – 1913), H.B. Warren (1914 – at least 1923).


  1. Annual Report of the Department of Marine and Fisheries, various years.
  2. Lighthouses & Lights of Nova Scotia, E.H. Rip Irwin, 2003.
  3. “Ownership of the Bear River Lighthouse will end up in the hands of the Municipality of Digby,” Leanne Delong, Digby Courier, December 30, 2009.
  4. “Point Prim is ours: DFO still owns Boar’s Head and Bear River lighthouses,” Jonathan Riley, August 5, 2016, Digby County Courier.

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