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 Covehead Harbour, PE    
Lighthouse accessible by car and a short, easy walk.Photogenic lighthouse or setting.Active Fresnel Lens
Description: In 1879, two masts were erected to serve as range lights at the entrance to Covehead Harbour in Queens County with Ernest McMillan serving as keeper of the inner or rear range light and John McCabe serving as keeper of the outer or front range light.

The 1893 Annual Report of the Department of Marine and Fisheries gives the following description of the Covehead Range Lights:

The arrangement of the range lights at the entrance to this harbour has been changed. The front light is now close to the edge of the sand beach at the entrance to the harbour. It is elevated 18 feet above high water mark, and is a fixed white light, shown from a lantern hoisted on a mast 17 feet high, and visible over three miles from all points of approach. The back light is located 225 feet S.W. from the front one. It is also fixed white, elevated 25 feet above high water mark, and is visible three miles from all points of approach. The lantern is hoisted on a mast 27 feet high. The position of the light is liable to be moved to suit the changes in the channel, and only 3 feet can be depended on at low water on the bar.

In response to a petition from fishermen, the back range light formerly situated on Black Point was moved to the beach in 1894, and a new block was built for the front range light. Both lights were then located on the beach on the west side of the harbour.

A set of movable range lights were constructed in 1917 under the supervision of G. L. Gaudin.

Lloyd Bell served as keeper of the range lights from 1926 until 1959, when the lights were electrified. As a keeper was no longer needed, Bell was hired as a caretaker at an annual salary of $100 instead of the $550 he was earning previously.

The present Covehead Harbour Lighthouse is 8.2 metres (26.9 feet) in height with a focal plane of 10 metres (32.8 feet) above the surrounding water and serves as a coastal light instead of a range light. The revolving bull's-eyed Fresnel lens in the lantern room emits a white 0.5-second flash followed by an eclipse of 4.5 seconds and was reportedly relocated from Dalhousie, New Brunswick.

The towers fog horn, which is maintained by the local harbour authority, points due north and, when needed, sounds a three-second blast followed by twenty-seven seconds of silence. The lighthouse was renovated in 1994 and covered with pressure-treated cedar siding.

A plaque on the side of the lighthouse provides the following on the Yankee Gale that struck on October 3, 1851 and claimed at least seventy-four ships and 150 lives:

The Gale of 1851

The forenoon had been particularly balmy. Schooners had sailed into the shallow waters in search of Mackerel and Cod, but darkness found the vessels trapped in the stillness close to land. There was no breeze to carry them offshore. That evening a strong wind blew from the northeast. By midnight it had raged into a powerful gale.

For several days the wind and waves gathered strength. On the morning of the fourth day, the sea subsided. Battered ships were strewn along the north shore. Bodies of sailors and fishermen were entangled amongst the wreckage.

Many men were buried here in Prince Edward Island. Their graves are a silent reminder of the changing moods of the sea.

In March 2011, Pat and Keith Notman of Stanhope attended a meeting where Norman Shields, Manager of Heritage Lighthouse Program at Parks Canada, gave an informative presentation about the Heritage Lighthouse Act, which facilitates the transfer of lighthouses to communities or support groups. The couple formed Friends of Covehead Lighthouse, collected the necessary twenty-five signatures, and submitted a petition for the lighthouse to the Department of Fisheries and Ocean before the May 2012 deadline. The group has since received confirmation that the lighthouse is eligible for transfer under the program and now has until May 2015 to flesh out a business plan for the acquisition and the ongoing maintenance of the structure.

Keepers:
Front: John McCabe (1879  1880), James D. McMillan (1880  1883), Donald McMillan (1883  1894)
Rear: Ernest McMillan (1879  1894)
Both: Donald McMillan (1895  1900), John A. Kielly (1900  1911), James McCabe (1911  1924), George Herbert Kielly (1924  1931), W. J. Thomas McCabe (1931  1936), Lloyd Bell (1936  1959).

References

  1. Annual Report of the Department of Marine and Fisheries, various years.
  2. Binder on the Lighthouses of Prince Edward Island, Carol Livingstone, 2002.
  3. "Couple hopes to save Covehead lighthouse," CBC News, March 24, 2001.
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Location: Located on Cape Stanhope at the entrance to Covehead Bay in Prince Edward Island National Park.
Latitude: 46.43006
Longitude: -63.14314

For a larger map of Covehead Harbour Lighthouse, click the lighthouse in the above map or get a map from: Mapquest.


Travel Instructions: From Route 6, south of Stanhope, take Route 25 (Bayshore Road) north into town until it ends. Turn left onto Gulf Shore Parkway, and the Covehead Harbour Lighthouse will be on your right after a short distance.

The lighthouse is owned by the Canadian Coast Guard. Grounds open, tower closed.

Find the closest hotels to Covehead Harbour Lighthouse

Notes from a friend:

Kraig writes:
Just east of the lighthouse alongside the Gulfshore Parkway is Dalvay By-The-Sea, built in 1895 by Alexander MacDonald, a wealthy businessman and one-time president of Standard Oil Company. The mansion is now an inn with noted dining. The inn appeared in the movie Anne of Green Gables: The Sequel. Anne (Megan Follows) appears at the beginning of the movie riding her bicycle along a lake with the inn in the background. She proceeds to the beach where the pages of a manuscript she is reading are blown onto the lawn of the inn.

See our List of Lighthouses in Prince Edward Island Canada

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Pictures on this page copyright Kraig Anderson, used by permission.