|Lightship Nantucket II WLV 613, MA|
Description: The keel for WLV-613, the last lightship built in the United States, was laid on February 4th, 1952 at the U.S. Coast Guard yard in Curtis Bay, Maryland, and six months to the day later the vessel was formally launched. Following successful sea trials, the lightship was commissioned in September of that year and sailed to its first assignment at Ambrose Station, marking the entrance to New York Harbor.
After just a year of service, WLV-613 underwent a transformation that made it unique amongst U.S. lightships: it received a tripod foremast topped by a cylindrical, lighthouse-style lantern room housing a new multi-catoptric biform optical apparatus, manufactured by Chance Brothers Ltd. of Birmingham, England. Capable of producing a light with an intensity varying from 250,000 to 5 million candlepower in three steps, the beacon made WLV-613 the brightest of all American lightships.
At approximately the same moment, lookouts aboard the lightship and the cargo vessel vessels realized that the Green Bay was on a collision course with the lightship. The captain of the Green Bay immediately changed course and increased speed, but after realizing the lightship was too close to avoid a collision, he ordered the engines full astern. Meanwhile, aboard the lightship, the general alarm was sounded, and all nine crewmembers, seven of whom had been asleep, mustered to the weather deck, where they witnessed the bow of the Green Bay puncture the starboard side of the lightship between the letters “R” and “E” in RELIEF. As the forward momentum of the Green Bay stopped and it backed away, water started pouring through the 12-foot-long and 3-foot-wide gash left in the lightship’s hull. The commanding officer aboard the lightship ordered his crew to abandon ship and seek refuge in a self-inflating rubber raft. Using their hands as paddles, the men tried to put as much distance between themselves and the lightship to avoid being struck by a mast or caught in the undertow of the sinking lightship.
While desperately trying to locate the Green Bay which had disappeared into the fog, the men in the life raft were nearly run over by the ocean liner Queen Elizabeth, whose crew failed to notice the men or hear their hand whistles. After over an hour on the water, the men aboard the life raft were finally located by a motor lifeboat launched by the Green Bay. A patrol boat took the men to the Coast Guard base on Staten Island, and later that afternoon, WLV-613, unable to travel under her own power, was towed out to the Ambrose Station to relieve a Coast Guard cutter that had been substituting as a lightship.
For the next twelve years, WLV-613 served as a Relief Lightship in Massachusetts before being designated Nantucket II in 1979 and assigned to serve alternating three-week assignments at the Nantucket Shoals Station with its sister ship WLV-612 (Nantucket I). These two lightships were the youngest lightships in the United States, and the Nantucket Shoals Station was the final active lightship station. At 2:30 a.m. on December 20th, 1983, WLV-613 relieved WLV-612 and at 8 a.m. that same day, a large navigational buoy officially relieved WLV-613, making it the last lightship to be in service in the United States. After its service as a lightship, WLV-613 participated in various law enforcement, security, and public relations missions until it was decommissioned and donated to the New England Historic Seaport in 1984 for use as a floating museum in Boston.
The non-profit New England Historic Seaport cared for the lightship until 1996 when the organization was amalgamated into another non-profit group, Schools for Children, which had no interest in maintaining the lightship. Instead, the vessel was offered for sale through National Ship Liquidators for $110,000 and probably would have had its identity as a lightship compromised if a group of concerned individuals hadn’t stepped in to purchase the lightship.
In 1998, WLV-613 was being cared for by Friends of the Lightship, a volunteer group with lots of spirit but little money, at Marina Bay in Quincy, when Jack Baker discovered the lightship. With no funds available for repairs, the vessel was likely going to be scrapped, so Baker stepped in and purchased the lightship. Baker originally thought he could get a group of volunteers to help refurbish the lightship, but when this plan didn’t work out, he personally funded a million-dollar-plus overhaul of the historic vessel.
The lightship was outfitted with a new keel, new plumbing and electrical work, tiled bathrooms, cabinetry, and cranberry carpeting. While the galley retains its gleaming stainless steel workspace and stove, the convenience of a modern refrigerator and a microwave was added. The engines and mushroom and Danforth anchors were all cleaned and painted to make the vessel seaworthy once more.
In September of 1999, WLV-613 sailed to New Bedford, under command of Norman Lemoine, to be on hand for the dedication of a memorial to those who lost their lives aboard lightships. The centerpiece of the memorial is a bell recovered in 1963 from the Vineyard Sound Lightship, which sank in the 1944 Hurricane. As part of the dedication activities, the public was allowed to tour WLV-613 and a modern Coast Guard cutter.
WLV-613 was placed on the market for $1.6 million in 2002, but apparently did not change hands as the lightship is still docked in Wareham, Massachusetts, where it has been berthed since being restored by Jack Baker.
The lightship is docked at the mouth of the Agawam River in Wareham. The lightship is privately owned. Grounds open, ship closed.
The lightship is privately owned. Grounds open, ship closed.
Pictures on this page copyright Kraig Anderson, Frederick Medina, used by permission.