|Crossover Island, NY|
Description: Crossover Island was so named due to its location near the point where, prior to the construction of the St. Lawrence Seaway, vessels following the shipping channel crossed over the international boundary between the American Channel and the Canadian Channel. In an 1838 report Naval Lieutenant C.T. Platt made the following recommendation to the Secretary of the Treasury.
I conceive it my duty to represent, in the strongest terms, the necessity of establishing a beacon-light upon Cross-over island, eight miles above Morristown. This island is situated between the two channels, and will be a guide for either. It would be a difficult task to attempt an adequate representation of the numerous shoals and sunken islands obstructing the navigation of this river; generally, however, they are located in the neighborhood of the Thousand Islands; and it is in the midway of this cluster of islands, and the only feasible channel, that Cross-over island, on which it is proposed to erect a beacon, is situated.
The design used for Crossover Island Lighthouse was the same as that used at Rock Island: a one-and-a-half-story brick dwelling with a wooden lantern centered atop a pitched roof. Six oil lamps, set in fourteen-inch reflectors, were used inside the lantern room to produce a fixed white light at a height of thirty-seven feet above the river. Obed Robeson was appointed the first keeper at Crossover Island on May 15, 1848 at an annual salary of $350.
Eleazer C. Robertson served as keeper of the light from 1856 to 1861, and the 1860 census indicates he and his wife Olive had seven children with them on the island ranging in age from fourteen to one. The following story of how the youngest child, listed as Ona I., received her name was sent to a local historian by one of Keeper Robertson’s sons:
Our youngest sister was born in the light house. Everyone that summer was upset about something. The baby was not well and mother and father, thinking she was going to die, had not even given her a name. We children helped the best we could. One day the Indian woman who came every year to sell baskets up and down the river stopped at our island. She, paddling a canoe piled high with sweet grass baskets, came along side the island, drew up her canoe and came in. She noticed my mother’s face and the new baby. Then she said, “Baby sick, very sick. I go. I come back.” Unloading her canoe, she paddled back up river and in a short time returned. She had collected some herbs which she cooked up. Then taking the baby in her lap as she sat cross-legged on the floor, she said to mother, “You sleep, I keep baby.”
These repairs to the original structure were more costly than normal due to the isolated location of the lighthouse and only temporarily improved life for the keeper. In 1872, the Lighthouse Board requested $11,000 for a new tower and dwelling at Crossover Island after providing the following description of the current lighthouse:
The tower and dwelling are both in very bad condition, and are not worth repair. The tower is of wood, and rises from the roof of the brick dwelling; the timber is so decayed, and the interior framing so badly arranged, that water finds its way into the interior at all points of the connection with the roof. The brick of which the old dwelling is built were originally very inferior, and have been so injured by frosts that the walls are now unserviceable, and cannot be used for supporting any new work.
A cistern in the cellar of the keeper’s dwelling stored rainwater for the station, but as this was not always sufficient for the island’s residents, in 1884, a well was sunk through granite to a depth of over twenty-five feet and equipped with a pump.
Starting near the tower, a stone and concrete seawall, 232 feet in length, was built along the southern side of the island in 1903, and over 300 cubic yards of earth were brought in to create a fair sized lawn in front of the dwelling. An iron oil house was added to the station in 1904.
Daniel D. Hill became keeper of Crossover Island Lighthouse in March 1909 and held the position for over twenty-two years. Keeper Hill and his wife Cora raised a family of seven children on the island. One of these, Ralph E. Hill, has written extensively about his childhood on Crossover Island. Ralph recalls that there was no telephone, radio, TV, gas, electricity, running water, indoor plumbing, or central heating on the island. Today, one can hardly imagine living without even one of these conveniences, even for just a day or two. After spending one full winter on the exposed island, Keeper Hill purchased some property at Oak Point and built a cottage where his family could winter more comfortably. A furnace was finally installed in the keeper’s dwelling just about two years before Keeper Hill left for Ogdensburg Lighthouse.
After the Hills left Crossover Island at the end of 1931, the lighthouse was active for one more decade before being discontinued on April 10, 1941 and replaced with a lighted buoy. Edward J. Sweet was serving as keeper of the lighthouse when on June 21, 1932, he saw two boys struggling to control a canoe in the river. The boys, Canadian residents, had erected a sail on their canoe to reduce the need to paddle, but the addition made the craft less stable. Keeper Sweet started after the boys in the station’s boat when he saw the canoe overturn, and by the time Sweet pulled them from the river, the boys were exhausted.
The government sold the lighthouse as surplus property in 1960 for around $6,000 to three brothers: Harry B. Edwards, John Edwards, and Richard T. Edwards. Nancy Muscarella, daughter of Harry Edwards, spent many weekends on the island, which the family used as a vacation camp. She recalls her father towing a septic tank to the island behind his boat and the island’s lilac bushes, whose fragrance covered the whole island in the spring. In 1969, Maynard and Betty Jo Dutcher, who loved to picnic on the island, purchased the property. After years of being in the Dutcher family, the island was sold for $465,000 in 2002 to John Urtis, a pilot for United Airlines who formerly flew in the Navy and Coast Guard. In 2011, Urtis placed the island property on the market for $539,900, and the property eventually sold in 2013 for $350,000.
Head Keepers: Obed Robeson (1848 – 1851), Samuel Whitney (1851 – 1856), Eleazer C. Robertson (1856 – 1861), James C. Hill (1861 – 1885), James Hammond (1885 – 1894), John H. Larock (1894 – 1901), John W. Reddy (1901 – 1903), Mial Eugene Eggleston (1903 – 1906), Michael A. Fitzpatrick (1906 – 1908), George H. Ward (1908 – 1909), Daniel D. Hill (1909 – 1931), Edward J. Sweet, Jr. (1932 – 1937), Frank K. Ward (1937 – 1940).
Located on Crossover Island in the St. Lawrence River, roughly thirteen miles northeast of
Alexandria Bay. A view from a boat is much better.
We chartered a boat out of Alexandria Bay and passed Singer Castle, located
on Dark Island between Crossover and Sister Islands, on the way. Although not
as impressive as the castle on Hart Island, Singer Castle is still quite a home.
The lighthouse is privately owned. Grounds/dwelling/tower closed.
A view from a boat is much better. We chartered a boat out of Alexandria Bay and passed Singer Castle, located on Dark Island between Crossover and Sister Islands, on the way. Although not as impressive as the castle on Hart Island, Singer Castle is still quite a home.
The lighthouse is privately owned. Grounds/dwelling/tower closed.
Notes from a friend:Kraig writes:
Ralph E. Hill, son of Keeper Donald D. Hill, has written two books on Crossover Island Lighthouse: A History of Crossover Island Light and Life on Crossover Island: Growing Up on an Island Early in this Century. Both titles are difficult to find.
See our List of Lighthouses in New York
Pictures on this page copyright Kraig Anderson, used by permission.