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 Poste-Saint-Martin Range, PQ    
Description: The Saguenay River is roughly 180 metres deep in its lower section, but ninety kilometers above the St. Lawrence, it rapidly contracts and assumes the typical character of a river, with mud banks and shoals of large boulders. Just above this point of contraction is the City of Saguenay, known earlier as Chicoutimi, which around the turn of the nineteenth century was home to paper mills that produced 100,000 tons of wood pulp annually. During this period, the Saguenay River was used not only by vessels laden with lumber products but also by the Richelieu and Ontario Navigation Company’s passenger steamers, which called at Chicoutimi several times a week during the summer.

Early front tower for Poste St. Martin Range
Photograph courtesy Library and Archives Canada
In 1873, the Canadian government provided five pairs of range lights to guide mariners along the upper portion of the Saguenay River below Chicoutimi. The Quebec firm of Price Brothers and Company, which owned the lumber operations in Chicoutimi, maintained these lights until the government hired keepers for them in 1875, the same year the lights were furnished with new lanterns and frames to render them more serviceable.

These lights originally appeared as 1st Range through 5th Range in the List of Lights, but they were later given the following official names: Poste-Saint-Martin, Rivière Valin, Rivière du Caribou, Savard Range (replaced by Simard Range in 1912), and Rivière-du-Moulin.

After being improved in 1875, the front range tower stood twenty-six feet tall and exhibited its light at a focal plane of twenty-six feet, while the rear tower stood forty-three feet tall and exhibited its light at a focal plane of forty feet. The two fixed white catoptric lights were separated by 910 feet.

In 1907, the early range lights were replaced by a new pair of towers. The following description of these towers appeared in the Annual Report of the Department of Marine:

Poste St. Martin range lighthouses Saguenay river, were replaced by new towers and the old towers torn down. The front tower now stands 650 feet back in the line of range from the site of the old front tower, and about 100 feet back from high water mark. It is a wooden building, square in plan, with sloping sides surmounted by a square wooden lantern, the whole painted white. The height of the tower from its base to the top of the ventilator on the lantern is 47 feet. The light is a fixed white light, elevated 47 feet above high water mark, and visible 7 miles in the line of range. The illuminating apparatus is catoptric.

The back tower stands 2,060 feet from the front tower. It consists of a skeleton steel frame, square in plan, with sloping sides, painted brown, surmounted by an inclosed wooden watchroom and a square wooden lantern. The watchroom and the lantern are painted white. The height of the tower from its base to the top of the, ventilator on the lantern is 82 feet. The light is a fixed white catoptric light elevated 81 feet above high water mark and visible 7 miles in the line of range.

The front wooden tower was erected by contract by Mr. G. Bergeron, of Poste St. Martin, for $597, and the back steel tower was purchased from Messrs. Goold, Shapley & Muir, of Brantford, Ont., for $668.50. The erection of the steel tower was performed by day’s labour, under the supervision of the Quebec agency, and cost $1,367.22.

Sometime before 1995, a pair of skeletal towers that display an orange trapezoidal daymark with a black vertical stripe were erected for Poste-Saint-Martin Range. Instead of being separated by 2,060 feet, the new range lights are located 10,900 feet or over two miles from each other. The front light remains in its historic location on the south shore of the Saguenay River at Poste St. Martin, while the rear tower now stands atop a bluff on the north side of the river.

Keepers:

  • Front: Jos Goudreau (1876 – 1880), Francois Gauthier (1889 – 1904), Eugene Desbiens (1904 – 1906), Alfred Pilote (1907 – 1913), Mde. Albani Desbines (1913), Jos. Duperre (1913 – at least 1923).
  • Rear: Arthur Simard (1876 – 1880), Auguste Pilote (1889 – 1905), Frs. Gauthier (1907 – 1913), Ad. Tremblay (1913 – at least 1923).

References

  1. Annual Report of the Department of Marine, various years.

Location: Located on the Saguenay River, below the City of Saguenay.
Latitude: 48.443528       Latitude: 48.452395
Longitude: -70.983508   Longitude: -71.02636

For a larger map of Poste-Saint-Martin Range Lighthouse, click the lighthouse in the above map or get a map from: Mapquest.


Travel Instructions: The front range light can be seen from 2650 Rang Saint Martin on the south shore of the river, east of Saguenay, while the rear range light can be seen from 740 Route de Tadoussac, QC-172, on the north side of the river.

The range lights are owned by the Canadian Coast Guard. Grounds/towers closed.

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