|Sainte-Croix Range, PQ|
Description: Sainte-Croix (Holy Cross) is located on the southern shore of the St. Lawrence, thirty-eight kilometres upstream from Quebec City and directly opposite the mouth of the Jacques Cartier River. On January 16, 1637, a seigneurie that included present day Sainte-Croix was awarded to the Ursuline Sisters, and on September 14, 1647, the Feast of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross, Father Jerome Lalemant changed the name of the seigneurie from Platon to Sainte-Croix.
A fixed white catoptric light; two No.1 circular lamps. Size of reflectors, 20 x 12 inches deep; size of glass, 36 x 30 x 1/4 inches; height of tower, base to vane, 41 feet; height of tower, base to centre of lamp, 35 feet; size of lantern, 9 feet; size of gallery, 14 feet ; size of base, 17 feet; consumes about 150 gallons of oil per season.
The government paid Mr. C. Durocher a yearly rent of six dollars for a strip of land adjoining the lighthouse according to an agreement dated September 24, 1863 in which Duroucher relinquished all claims to the lot upon which the lighthouse was erected.
On September 14, 1878, seventy-one-year-old Keeper James Thurber submitted his letter of resignation due to poor health:
I have the honour to inform you that I am forced to resign my position as lighthouse keeper in the Parish of Ste. Croix, in the County of Lotbiniere, which I have held ever since 1842. You would do me a great favour, and, I believe, would do me justice, by appointing in my stead my son, John Thurber, who has all the necessary qualifications for the position. I have always paid the percentage required by your Department to entitle me to superannuation, and I feel sure that my two requests, viz., my son’s appointment and the granting of my pension will meet with no obstacle.William Thurber was appointed keeper at an annual salary of $175 in place of his father in 1878, but for some reason James Thurber didn’t receive a pension. His failure to receive a pension was still being debated in Parliament in 1891, when James would have been eighty-four. It’s doubtful whether he ever did receive his pension, as he passed away in 1893.
In 1899, a pair of range lights were established at Sainte-Croix, one-and-a-quarter-mile east of Sainte-Croix Lighthouse, as an additional aid to mariners:
Range lights to mark the centre of the dredged cut through the Ste. Croix bar in the ship channel between Montreal and Quebec were established during the past season. Temporary lights were maintained during the erection of the tower, which were put in operation on October 4.A. Frenette was hired as keeper of the front range light, while William D. Racette was employed to care for the rear range light. The Thurber family continued to look after the main light, with William serving until his death in 1901. Hermine Thurber took charge of the light upon her husband’s death and served until 1906, when William A. Thurber was appointed keeper of the light.
In 1909, the main light was improved by the installation of a fourth-order lens in placed of the lamps and reflectors previously used. The illuminant for the new lamp was petroleum vapour, burned under an incandescent mantle.
In 1934, a square, steel, skeletal tower, with an enclosed wooden upper portion, replaced the wooden tower that house the rear range light. At this time, red vertical stripes were added to the side of the towers facing the range line, and the distance between the range lights was 825 yards. Sometime between 1955 and 1970, a square skeleton tower replaced the wooden tower that housed the front range light, and the distance between the range lights was reduced to 527 yards. A red-and-white, square, skeletal tower replaced the wooden Sainte-Croix Lighthouse sometime between 1955 and 1970.
Located on the southern shore of the St. Lawrence River, just east of Sainte-Croix. The towers are owned by the Canadian Coast Guard. Grounds/towers closed.
The towers are owned by the Canadian Coast Guard. Grounds/towers closed.
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