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 Route de Contrecoeur, PQ    
Description: In the summer of 1903, work on the improvement and widening of the thirty-foot ship channel between Lanoraie and Île Bouchard, known as Contrecoeur Channel, was completed. During the fiscal year ended June 30, 1903, the dredge Lady Aberdeen spent 192 days removing 982,750 cubic yards of material at Contrecoeur Bend, St. Ours Traverse, and Petite Traverse, while the dredge Lady Minto spent 190 days removing 643,600 cubic yards of material at Petite Traverse and Contrecoeur Traverse. After this work, the shipping channel had a depth of at least thirty feet at extreme low water and a minimum width of 450 feet.

The nearly seven-mile-long Contrecoeur Channel includes four straight sections, 12,800-foot-long St. Ours Traverse, 5,500-foot-long Petite Traverse, 10,200-foot-long Contrecoeur Course, and Contrecoeur Traverse, which are joined by gentle curves or bends.

To mark this improved channel, the Department of Marine rearranged the buoys it maintained along this section of the river and erected new range lights to equip the channel for night navigation. On October 27, 1903, three sets of range lights were established to guide mariners along the St. Lawrence River north of Contrecoeur and east of Île Saint-Ours: St. Ours Traverse Range, Petite Traverse Range, and Contrecoeur Course Range. (A new range was activated on July 15, 1904 to mark Contrecoeur Traverse.)

The front towers and rear towers used on the three ranges were similar. The front towers consisted of thirty-three-foot-tall, square, wooden, structures, with sloping sides and surmounted by a square lantern room, while the rear towers were square, steel, skeletal structures topped by an enclosed watchroom and a square, wooden lantern room. White slatwork was mounted on the side of the rear tower facing the range line for improved visibility during the day.

The following description of Contrecoeur Course Range was published shortly after the lights were placed in operation on October 27, 1903 to mark the axis of the cut in the improved ship channel known as Contrecoeur Course:

The front tower stands on the ground on the crest of the river bank east of St. Ours traverse, 155 feet from the position occupied by the day beacon which it replaces, and 4275 feet N. 8 48' E. from the front tower of the Petite Traverse range. The light is elevated 63 feet above the level of the river.

The back tower stands in the fields, 75 feet S. 40° 30’ E. from the position previously occupied by the day beacon which it replaces, and 2555 feet N. 48° 15’ E. from the front tower. The light is elevated 127 feet above the level of the river.

The two lights in one astern lead through Contrecoeur course in the axis of the ship channel S. 48° 15’ W. from Contrecoeur bend to the bend at gas buoy No. 43 M.

Joseph Arpin was hired as the first keeper of the front light at an annual salary of $100, while Norbert Duval was paid the same amount to look after the rear light.

At some point between 1955 and 1994, the present towers that serve Contrecoeur Course Range were erected and the characteristic of the light was changed from fixed green to fixed yellow. The current front tower is a sixty-three-foot-tall, square, skeletal tower that displays its light at a height of eighty-five feet above the river, and the rear tower is a seventy-seven-foot-tall, tripod, skeletal tower that displays its light at a height of 138 feet. The range lights are now listed on the official Canadian Coast Guard Light List as Route de Contrecoeur Range. The original front tower remains standing near the modern front range light.

Keepers:

  • Front: Joseph Arpin (1904 – at least 1923).
  • Rear: Norbert Duval (1904 – 1912), O. Gobeille (1912 – 1921), F. Gobeille (1921 – at least 1923).

References

  1. Annual Report of the Department of Marine, various years.

Location: Located alongside QC-132, 8 kilometres north of Verchères.
Latitude: 45.922113       Latitude: 45.927992
Longitude: -73.209321   Longitude: -73.203967

For a larger map of Route de Contrecoeur Lighthouse, click the lighthouse in the above map or get a map from: Mapquest.


Travel Instructions: From Verchères, travel north on QC-132 for 8 kilometres and then turn left onto a small sidestreet, where you will see the current front range tower and former front range tower. The rear range tower is located on the opposite of QC-132, further north.

The range lights are owned by the Canadian Coast Guard. Grounds/towers closed.

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