|Gros Cap Reef, ON|
Description: Roughly fifteen miles above Sault Ste. Marie, mariners transition between Lake Superior and St. Marys River. This important juncture is defined by Point Iroquois and its lighthouse on the American shore and Gros Cap, four miles away, on the Canadian shore. At Gros Cap, steep cliffs rise up out of the water to a height of three hundred feet, while dangerous reefs extend nearly halfway to the American shore.
In 1908, the Lake Carriers’ Association recommended that a lightship and fog signal be established at Gros Cap to replace a red gas buoy. A buoy had marked the reef since at least 1899, for in that year Joseph Ripley of the U.S. Corps of Engineers noted: “The shoals off Gros Cap are a menace to navigation during foggy and stormy weather, and narrow the entrance to St. Marys River to about one-half of what it would be if the shoals were removed, but they are so extensive that the cost thereof would be prohibitive.” Canada anchored a buoy on the reef in 1914, replacing one maintained for several years by the United States.
The Annual Report of the Lake Carriers’ Association provides the following description of the St. Julien being deployed as Gros Cap Reefs Lightship:
A new lightvessel was established in October, 1923, on Gros Cap Reefs, known as Gros Cap Reefs Light-vessel No. 22. It is located about 2,450 feet northwestward from the 15 foot spot on Gros Cap Reefs.
In 1942, a radiobeacon was established on Gros Cap Lightship with a call sign of VCD and a frequency of 308kc. During clear weather, the radiobeacon would transmit on the hour and half-hour, while in foggy conditions, the radiobeacon was synchronized with the fog alarm for distance finding.
After serving mariners for twenty-nine years, Gros Cap Lightvessel was pulled from its station in early December 1952, leaving the Huron Lightship as the last of its kind on the Great Lakes. Joseph Griffith had been serving as captain of Gros Cap Lightvessel for three years before the ship was replaced by what some of its older crewmembers called a “new fangled lighthouse.”
The following is an excerpt from an article on the removal of Gros Cap Lightship printed in Sault Ste. Marie’s The Evening News of December 9, 1952 :
For some, spending the long summer aboard a stationary ship in the middle of a wide river would be a boring experience. However, the regular crew of ten say that life was not unpleasant since there were always regular duties to perform daily and a cribbage game below decks could be arranged almost any time.
St. Julien might have been used as a lightship on the St. Lawrence River after being removed from Gros Cap Reef, but it was finally sold in 1958 and renamed Centennial.
When completed in 1953, Gros Cap Reef Lighthouse consisted of a concrete structure built atop a crib that was towed to the reef and sunk in place with rocks. The superstructure consists of a pier with an “ice nose” that points upstream to break up floes and a two-tier residence for the keepers. The modern lighthouse resembles a lake freighter with a pointed prow and a forward pilot house.
The conveniences of a helicopter landing pad and electricity supplied by a submarine cable were added to the lighthouse before it was destaffed in the 1980s.
Keepers: Basil Byers (1961 – 1969).
Located on the southwest part of the reef, between Point Iroquois and Gros Cap and near the entrance to the St. Marys River from Lake Superior. The lighthouse is owned by the Canadian Coast Guard. Tower closed.
The lighthouse is owned by the Canadian Coast Guard. Tower closed.
Pictures on this page copyright Kraig Anderson, JACLAY, used by permission.